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Teff is a summer annual grass native to Ethiopia, used for both forage and grain production. Being from the equatorial highlands, teff benefits from warm temperatures and bright sunlight, as well as cooler nights. We have found that teff does well in a range of environments here in the USA, and can grow well in a variety of soil types. Teff is resilient to hot temperatures and water stress, and can provide a good option for conserving water. The Teff Company contracts directly with growers and provides seed free of charge.
Planting occurs when the soil is 65 degrees and the last frost has passed. Teff benefits from a firmly packed seed bed, and can be broadcast or drilled. Teff seeding rate can vary depending on the conditions. We have experience with both tilled and no-till planting.
Teff is efficient with nutrients and does well with small amounts of NPK. We have also seen increased yields with the application of micronutrients.
Teff is an efficient water user. The exact amount of water can depend on the temperature and soil type. Teff also seems to benefit from strategic water restrictions.
There are a number of licensed options for weed control in teff. In organic systems, weed control is achieved by tilling
Teff is generally swathed and laid in windrows and subsequently combined after approximately a week.
Teff grain yields depend on a number of factors. Adequate weed control is important, as is appropriate plant density and watering regime. We have also seen yield bumps from the application of micronutrients. A yield of 2000 lbs/acres is generally a good target, though yields as high as 3000 lbs are possible.